- narrative poem, intended to be sung and without a known author
- they usually insist on the doom that haunts our loves and lives

What they include
- four line stanzas in which the second and fourth lines rhyme
- repeated key phrases or a regularly repeated section, called a refrain
- dialogue
- The rhyme scheme is typically abab or abcb.
- Often uses *colloquialisms in the story telling

*expression not used in formal speech or writing.
- words such as "gonna", phrases such as "ain't nothin", or sometimes even an entire aphorims like "I think therefore I am."—Rene Descartes